Switzerland – One of the Most Beautiful countries in the World
Switzerland is a country that is known for its natural beauty. It has the Alps and the Jura Mountains, but it also has lakes and valleys.
Switzerland is one of the richest countries in the world, with high standards of living and low crime rates. The Swiss are also known for their beautiful watches, chocolate, cheese, and wine.
The country has a lot to offer tourists in terms of culture as well as landscapes. Switzerland’s capital city, Bern, is only an hour away from Zurich by train, which makes it an ideal weekend day trip destination for tourists visiting Geneva or Lausanne.
Switzerland (German: die Schweiz, French: la Suisse, Italian: Svizzera and Romansh: Svizra), officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. A male native of Switzerland is said to be a Schweizer, and a female is a Schweizerin in German; Suisse (male) or Suissesse (female) in Swiss-French and Svizzero (male) or Svizzera (female) in Italian.
Switzerland, which shares borders with Germany in the northern part, France towards the west, Italy to the south along with Austria as well as Liechtenstein in the East, was once a confederation and was a federation from 1848. Switzerland is a thriving economy, both in banking and finance, as well as a long and extensive tradition of both military and political neutrality. This background enables Switzerland to host international organizations and cooperations.
Switzerland – the country of Helvetica
Confoederatio Helvetica, the country\’s official Latin name, means Helvetic Confederation. The use of Latin avoids having to favor one of the four national languages. The abbreviation (CH) is used for the same reason. The titles commonly used in French (Confédération Suisse), Italian (Confederazione Svizzera), and Romansh (Confederaziun svizra) translate as “Swiss Confederation” while the German name of Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft translates literally as “Swiss Oath Fellowship” or “Swiss Commonwealth of the Covenant.”
Switzerland Geography – Facts and Figures
With an area of 41,285 square kilometers (15,940 sq mi), Switzerland is a relatively small country. The population is about 7.4 million, resulting in a population density of 182 people per square kilometer (472/sq mi).
Switzerland includes three major topographical regions comprising the Swiss Alps as well as the Swiss plateau as well as the Jura mountains. The Alps are a high mountain range that stretches across the middle part of Switzerland. There are many peaks that rise high in the Swiss Alps, the highest of which is Dufour Peak which is 4,634 m (15,203 feet).
There is a myriad of valleys, with some having glaciers. From them, the headwaters of numerous important European rivers like the Rhine and the Rhone and the Inn, and the Aare and the Ticino that flow into lakes like Lake Geneva, Lake Zurich, Lake Neuchatel, and Lake Constance.
The north, which is the most populous area of Switzerland, is more open. However, it is still mountains, such as located in regions like Jura Mountains, an area that is smaller located in the northwest. There is no doubt that the Swiss weather is typically mild; however, it can differ widely between regions that range from extreme weather in the mountains of the highest elevations to the typically mild Mediterranean conditions at the southern end of Switzerland.
Economy of Switzerland
Switzerland is a flourishing and stable market economy in the modern age that has a nominal per habitant GDP which is more than that of the major Western European economy, United States and Japan; however, on a per-capita scale, the country is 10th. Through the entire twentieth century, Switzerland had the highest income of any nation in Europe by a significant margin.
In recent times the Swiss have been bringing their economic practices in compliance with their counterparts in the European Union in an attempt to increase their global competitiveness; however, this hasn’t led to significant growth. A full EU membership is the long-term goal that is the goal of the Swiss government; however, there is widespread public sentiment against it. In this regard, the government has created the Integration Office under the Department of Foreign and Economic Affairs.
To minimize the negative effects of being isolated in relation to the rest of Europe, Bern and Brussels signed seven bilateral agreements in order to the opening of trade ties. The agreement was signed the year 1999 and became effective in 2001. The first round of bilateral agreements covered the right to move freely. The second set of agreements covering nine areas was completed in 2004 and is currently awaiting ratification. The second series comprises both the Schengen Treaty as well as the Dublin Convention.
They continue to explore further possibilities for cooperation. Discussions are underway in four areas of cooperation: opening up the electricity market, participating with Europe’s European GPS program Galileo as well as cooperating with the European center for the prevention of disease, and accepting certification of origin for food products.
Switzerland rejected membership in the European Economic Area in December 1992. The country has since maintained and strengthened relations with the European Union as well as European states through bilateral agreements. A comprehensive report detailing the possible benefits and disadvantages of the full EU membership is scheduled to be released at the end of June through the Department of Foreign affairs.
EU members hope that this report will help to reopen the internal debate that was in limbo since March 2001 in which the Swiss citizens voted against through a popular vote start negotiations to join the EU.
Demographics of Switzerland
Switzerland is located at the intersection of several important European cultures, which have greatly affected the country’s language and culture. Switzerland includes four main languages, German (64 percent) in the north and central regions; French (19%) to the west; Italian (7%) in the south, and Romansh (a Romance language), which is spoken by a minority (approximately 1percent) within the cantons of southeastern Graubunden. (Some languages that are part of Franco-Provencal are spoken in rural communities within the region in which French can be heard. The language is not recognized as having legally recognized status.)
It is the federal government that’s legally bound to speak the five official languages. In the federal legislature, German, French, Italian, and Romansh are the official languages. They also have simultaneous translation is offered. There is a simultaneous translation available. German used in Switzerland is primarily a collection of dialects commonly referred to by the name of Swiss German, but broadcasts and written communication typically employ the High standard German. In the same way, there are dialects that are spoken in other parts of Switzerland that are known as Swiss-French and Ticinese.
The three official Swiss three languages (German, French and Italian) make use of some terms that aren’t recognized by people outside Switzerland, i.e., words borrowed from a different language (German billette, for instance, in French) and from the same words in other languages (Italian Azione, which is not used as an act, but instead as a discount from German Action). Learning other languages in school is mandatory for all Swiss, which is why the majority of Swiss are expected to be two-lingual.
Foreigners who are residents and temporary workers constitute around 20% of the total population. A majority of them come from European Union countries (Italians being the most populous group, with 4 percent), With smaller numbers from other regions of the world. This includes refugees from ex- Yugoslavia (5 percent) in addition to Turks (1 percent).
We love the Swiss Culture
The society of Switzerland is dependent on its neighbors; However, over time, an individual culture that has strong regional distinctions has been developed.
A lot of active cultural Swiss have decided to relocate overseas, likely due to the limited opportunities available in their country of origin. In the same way, Switzerland’s neutrality Switzerland as well as the low tax rate, have attracted a variety of creative people from across the globe. In times of war, the custom of asylum in the political sphere was a major factor in attracting artists and artists, whereas, in recent years, the low tax rate seems to be the norm.
A strong regionalist culture within Switzerland is a challenge to define a homogeneous Swiss culture. It is evident that the influence from German, French and Italian culture on their neighboring parts, along with the influence from the Anglo-American culture, can’t be denied. The Rhaeto-Romanic culture of the east of the mountain ranges of Switzerland is a strong one.
Switzerland, officially known as the Swiss Confederation, is located in Central Europe. It spans a total area of 41,277 square km, with a population of over a 7.6million (2009 est.). Switzerland is a landlocked country. It has 1,953km of land boundaries and shares its borders with five other countries: Liechtenstein, France, Italy, Germany, and Austria. Despite being surrounded by European Union members, Switzerland has remained neutral and voted against becoming a member of the E.U, its application remains open, yet Switzerland has no plans to join the E.U soon. The current currency used is the Swiss Franc (CHF).
10 reasons to do business in Switzerland
Competitiveness: Switzerland has the most competitive economy globally, ranked number one in the World Bank Competitiveness Index 2022. Factors covered include education, labor market efficiencies, and innovation. For 2017, Switzerland was ranked 1, running that Switzerland has taken this position as the world leader. Source
Quality of life: In the Futurebrand Country Brand Index 2019, Switzerland is ranked as the second-best country to live globally. Factors include job opportunities and the standard of living.
Stability: Switzerland is a peaceful nation, with no international disputes of any kind. It has political stability and is an important center for many international peace-keeping organizations, such as the United Nations.
GDP: In 2021, Switzerland is consistently one of the wealthiest countries in the world, currently with a GDP per capita of US$85681.97. Source
Labour force cooperation: Switzerland has excellent employer-employee relations, ranking the world first for this type of cooperation in the World Competitiveness Index 2019.
Infrastructure: Switzerland is thought to have one of the best transport and utility infrastructures globally, ranked overall world first in the Competitiveness Index 2019. The quality of the road, rail, and air infrastructure as individual factors are also in the top three places worldwide in the same Index.
Exports: Switzerland’s export trade is one of the healthiest in the world. In 2021 it was estimated to be the 17th most significant export trade in the world, with a value of US$258.5 billion. $284.5 billion (CHF259. 5 billion). Source
Communications: Switzerland has a highly developed communications infrastructure with excellent domestic and international service, keeping businesses in touch. In 2010, Switzerland was estimated to have more than 8.42 million internet users (93.15% of the population), placing it 17th worldwide in the CIA Factbook tables.
FDI: Switzerland consistently attracts strong FDI figures. Switzerland Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) increased by 3.7 USD bn in Sep 2021, compared with a drop of 13.8 USD bn in the previous quarter. Source
Workforce: A highly motivated, qualified, and multilingual workforce (mainly French, German, and Italian) can support business. The quality of Switzerland’s higher education system is considered to be one of the best in the world, ranked as such in the World Competitiveness Index 2021.